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Chesapeake Bay

Water Quality and TMDL development

Map depicting Chesapeake Bay Watershed within the HRPDC Boudaries

Localities in Hampton Roads and HRPDC staff are working together to clean up the Chesapeake Bay through a variety of efforts:

Chesapeake Bay Word Cloud Graphic

Chesapeake Bay Restoration

  • On December 29, 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL), a “pollution diet” to initiate actions to restore water quality in the Chesapeake Bay and the region’s streams, creeks and rivers

Line graphic depicting the Chesapeake Bay TMDL Timeline

  • Graphic depicting ingredients for a healthy Chesapeake Bay-less nutrients & sediment equals diverse algae, increased oxygen, clean water, more seagrasses, crabs and fishChesapeake Bay’s water quality is important for the regional economy, natural character, ecology, and support of military activities, foreign trade operations, port facilities, tourism, and recreational activities
  • The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles long, home to more than 3,600 species of plants, fish and other animals including common Hampton Roads favorites like the blue crab, striped bass, and oysters

Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act (CBPA)

  • The Commonwealth established CBPA Designation and Management Regulations in 1988 for localities in Tidewater Virginia
  • CBPA programs and policies were adopted to protect and improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay by reducing nonpoint source pollution through effective land use management.
  • The intent of the Bay Act is to balance reasonable development interests and water quality improvement.
  • Hampton Roads provided a local CBPA Survey in 2006 and is in the process of an update
  • HRGEO houses the resource protection area (RPA) for all Hampton Roads localities subject to CBPA

Links to locality CBPA programs and resources














Isle of Wight County



James City County



Newport News




























Virginia Beach