HRPDC staff has further analyzed the recent change in the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) delineation of the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). This change is based on Census 2010 and American Community Survey 2006-2010 commuting data, and as reported earlier, removes Surry County, VA and adds Gates County, NC to the MSA for Hampton Roads (See Map). The Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News VA-NC MSA now comprises:
Principal Cities: Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth
Central Counties (includes Independent Cities): Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth Chesapeake, Suffolk, Poquoson, York County, Gloucester County
Outlying Counties (includes Independent Cities): Isle of Wight County, Mathews County, James City County, Williamsburg, Currituck County (NC), Gates County (NC)
Removal of Surry County, VA
The removal of Surry County from the MSA is likely a consequence of the delineation of a new “urbanized area” in Williamsburg and James City County. Because of this new delineation, Williamsburg and James City County are no longer “central counties” to the MSA so the commuters from Surry County to Williamsburg and James City County are not counted towards the required threshold to be considered an “outlying county” in the MSA.
Surry County did not reach the required 25% threshold of workers who live in the County that commute to central counties of the MSA. This is because Williamsburg and James City County are no longer central counties in the MSA due to the creation of the newly designated urbanized area of Williamsburg, VA (see Map 2 below). Approximately 20% of the workers in Surry County commute to the central counties of the MSA. Approximately 9% work in James City County and Williamsburg. Surry County does not currently belong to any MSA.
Why Gates County, NC is Now Included
Gates County, NC was added to the MSA because it reached the required 25% threshold of workers who live in Gates County and commute to central counties of the MSA. This is likely because Suffolk is now considered a central county (it was not a central county previously). Nearly 50% of Gates County workers commute to the central counties of the MSA, including 19% to Suffolk alone.
There is no appeals process to change the current delineation but the Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSA) will be reviewed and possibly redelineated in 2018 after the release of the 2011-2015 American Community Survey commuting data. However, the urban areas and central counties will still be based on 2010 Census data so only a change in commuting patterns could potentially alter the MSA delineation in 2018.
The MSA designation does not affect membership to the HRPDC
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